About cannabis

About cannabis

About cannabis

Read about cannabis (marijuana), its uses, and types.

The new Cannabis Act and its supporting regulations came into force on October 17, 2018. Discover more about Cannabis in Canada.

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Cannabis and its particular elements

Cannabis means the plant Cannabis sativa. The cannabis plant initially originates from Asia. It is currently grown round the globe, including in Canada.

Substances in cannabis

Cannabis contains hundreds of chemical compounds. Over 100 among these are referred to as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are made and saved into the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are small, clear hairs that stand out through the plants and leaves of this plant. Cannabinoids have actually impacts on cell receptors into the brain and body. They are able to alter how those cells behave and talk to one another.

The absolute most cannabinoid that is researched delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is responsible for the real method your mind and body react to cannabis, like the high and intoxication. THC has many therapeutic results but it addittionally has side effects. Harmful impacts could be greater once the strength of THC is higher.

The effectiveness (concentration or energy) of THC in cannabis can be shown as a percentage of THC by weight (or by number of an oil). Today THC potency in dried cannabis has increased from an average of 3% in the 1980s to around 15. Some strains might have the average up to 30% THC.

Cannabis which has really low quantities of THC with its plants and leaves (lower than 0.3%) is classified as hemp.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is yet another cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t create a higher or intoxication. There is certainly some evidence that CBD may block or reduced some of the consequences of THC in the brain. This might occur as soon as the level of CBD when you look at the cannabis is similar or higher compared to number of THC. CBD can be being examined for the feasible therapeutic uses.


Terpenes are chemicals stored and made into the trichomes associated with the cannabis plant, because of the cannabinoids. Terpenes give cannabis its distinctive scent.

Exactly just How cannabis can be used

The cannabis plant is employed because of its impacts regarding the brain. It’s also utilized for medical, social or spiritual purposes. Marijuana is really a slang term for the flowers that are dried leaves, stems and seeds for the cannabis plant.

Cannabis cbd oil may be drawn in other ways, by:

  • cigarette smoking:
    • bones or spliffs (cannabis rolled in tobacco cigarette paper)
      • that may be combined with tobacco
    • pipelines and bongs (a kind of pipe)
    • blunts (partially or entirely hollowed out cigar wrappers filled up with cannabis)
  • Eating or drinking:
    • teas
    • soda pops
    • cannabis oil
    • baked goods
  • vaporizing and vaping (breathing in dried cannabis or liquid cannabis vapours via a vaporizer or vaping unit)
  • dabbing (sucking in hot vapours from heating cannabis concentrates)

Outcomes of the 2017 Canadian Cannabis Survey supply a snapshot of exactly just how much cannabis Canadians use, how frequently they normally use it, plus in exactly what type.

The various kinds of cannabis

Many cannabis products come from or may be made with the flowers and leaves associated with the cannabis plant. Dependent on the way they are manufactured, a range can be had by these products of potencies of THC (and CBD). Dining dining Table 1 lists the primary kinds of cannabis and typical potencies of THC.

Note: Not all types of cannabis are yet designed for legal sale underneath the Cannabis Act that came into force on October 17, 2018. The Cannabis Act currently allows the sale of:

  • cannabis oil
  • fresh cannabis
  • dried out cannabis
  • cannabis plant seeds
  • cannabis plants

Edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals is likely to be readily available for legal sale no later than October 17, 2019.